The gangs and their warfare are creating the equivalent og “liberated areas” in the classical theory of insurgency. They are exploiting the lack of ability of the courts, social support system and police to do more than reacting to the tragic results.
To counter the problem, the Swedish authorities must apply the tools of the classical methods of counter-insurgency presented by Robert Thompson nearly 60 years ago when he extracted the lessons of the succesful campaign i Malaya. Then the central tools were an energetic campaing to generate accurate intelligence for precise intervention combined with pressure against the communities that protected the rebels plus political and economic benefits for both those communities and for the rebels that changed side.
It must be accepted that a more massive police operation even with military support will not help in itself.
These tools are necessary even if very controversial:
Forced move of families (north – Sweden is large) in forced settlement in places and environment that enhance effective survellance and control.
Effective constant and complete surveillance of the rebellious gang clusters must be sought.
Changing juvenile court procedures and decisions to support the control and intelligence effort.
Recruiting agents in the gangs and communities with guarantees of rewards, freedom from procecution and protection.
Achieving full acceptance and support from EU authorities and especially neighbouring states such as Denmark.
The alternative is continued escalation until the remaining unity of Sweden is lost.